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 Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

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مُساهمةموضوع: Seven Wonders of the Ancient World   السبت مارس 06, 2010 12:00 pm

Seven Wonders
of the Ancient World


Main article: Seven Wonders of the Ancient
World



The
Great
Pyramid of Giza
, the only wonder of the ancient world still in
existence



The
Colosseum in
Rome



The
Great Wall of
China




Hagia
Sophia




Taj Mahal



Golden Gate
Bridge




Chichen
Itza




Old City of
Jerusalem




The
Aurora
Borealis
or Northern Lights



Grand
Canyon




The
Great Barrier
Reef




The
London
sewerage system
's original Abbey Mills pumping station



Machu
Picchu



The historian Herodotus
(484—ca. 425 BCE), and the scholar Callimachus of Cyrene (ca. 305—240 BCE) at the Museum of Alexandria, made early lists of Seven wonders
but their writings have not survived, except as references. The seven wonders
included:

The earliest lists had the Ishtar Gate as the seventh wonder of the world
instead of the Lighthouse of Alexandria.
The Greek category was not Wonders but "thaumata"(Greek:
Θαύματα), which translates closer to "things to be seen". The list that
we know today was compiled in the Middle Ages—by which time many of the sites were no
longer in existence. Today, the only ancient world wonder that still exists is
the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Wonders of the
Medieval World



Many lists of wonders of the world are said to have existed during the Middle Ages, although it is
unlikely that these lists originated at that time because the word medieval was not even
invented until the Enlightenment-era, and the concept of a
Middle Age did not become popular until the 16th century. Brewer's refers to
them as "later list[s]"[2] suggesting
the lists were created after the Middle Ages.
Many of the structures on these lists were built much earlier than the
Medieval Ages, but were well known.[3] These
lists go by names such as Wonders of the Middle Ages (implying no specific
limitation to seven), Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages, Medieval Mind and
Architectural Wonders of the Middle Ages
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Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
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